PDF Drive is your search engine for PDF files. As of today we have 78,, Tactics Time! Chess Tactics from the Games of Everyday Chess Players. Alberston, whose innovations in chess teaching have been an inspiration to . 2) Tactics are the ways chess players gain a material advantage; all other. Throughout most of my life I have been a chess professional. on tactics and aggression were on the chess book market and that I was categorically opposed.

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Chess Tactics Pdf

1. Chess Tactics for the Tournament Player by Grandmasters Sam Palatnik and Lev Alburtwith FM Roman Pelts as Special. nbafinals.info About the Author. TIMOTHY BRENNAN has been writing about chess improvement and creating chess tactics problems from amateur. Instead, I offer my own personal ideas about chess tactics, and point you at some of the resources I have .. nbafinals.info His rating.

Most Important Endgame Principles 29 If you up a pawn, with pieces on the board the position may still be ambiguous. However, if you simplify the position further by taking pieces off the board, the extra pawn will immediately play a greater role and can even decide an outcome of the game. In the position below white is up a pawn. Thats why it is a good idea for them to trade the minor pieces. By forcing that exchange white will be able to easily take advantage of the extra pawn, winning the game. Black to move You should be very careful about exchanging pawns in positions like shown above. Knight endgame which may easily end in a draw, because black will simple give up his knight for a pawn.

In such a position it makes no practical sense to search for a mating combination. But if the enemy king is confined and has few defenders and weak pawn cover, then experienced players will know that a mating combination may be possible. The same situation occurs with ideas for other types of combinations. The conditions under which combinations can occur are limited. A combinational idea arises as a consequence of the tactical motifs which are present in a specific position.

Diagram 11 Kubbel, White to move In this position there is a geometric motif based on the positions of the Black king and queen, and on the fact that the Black queen is undefended.

This motif creates conditions for a skewer attack on the Black king and queen. There is only one square from which the White queen can use this geometric motif — a3. If the Black king were on a3, its movement would be very restricted. These observations form the logical chain on which the combination is based. Kxa3 Or 1. Qxe7 2.


Nc2 mate The idea of this combination is to decoy the Black king to a3. If there is a combination in the position, three things must be present: motif, idea, and technique. At first we become aware of the motifs that exist in the position. On the basis of this awareness we seek a combinative solution the idea. Then we calculate the technical part — the forced play. In remembering motif, idea, and technique, you might keep in mind the classic criteria for finding out whodunit: motive, opportunity and means!

The following example shows motif, idea and technique at work. Diagram 12 Smyslov — Lilienthal, Leningrad White to move Qxd6 If 1. Qf8 mate. After 1. Having the idea alone does not make a combination. If the variation in which the tactical blow is delivered is not forced, then the combination will not succeed.

And where motifs are concerned, the situation is even more complicated. It sometimes happens that motifs are located deep within a position, and only experienced chessplayers can discover them. When a certain type of combination is familiar to you, then the motifs which characterize it are also familiar. A successful chessplayer must know as many motifs as possible.

You will encounter motifs, ideas, and methods of creating forced play throughout our tactical lessons. Lesson 2 Decoy, Deflection, Obstruction Blocking , Pins, Skewers This lesson features examples in which the main idea is a straightforward application of a single tactical device. You will become acquainted with the names of some of these devices and with the definition and usefulness of each.

We have selected positions from actual play to illustrate these ideas. There is no escaping checkmate: Rd8 mate or 1. Qg7 mate. Diagram 15 Nei — Petrosian, Moscow White to move 1. Checkmate follows on g8 in two moves. There are two ideas here — decoying the Black king or rook, and preparing a discovered attack using a geometric motif to exploit the unprotected queen on c2. Deflection Deflection is a tactical device used to remove a guarding piece or pawn from defending a square, line, or another piece.

Diagram 17 Instructive Example White to move Here the motif is the White pawn on the seventh rank. The Black rook guards the d8-square. With 1. Rd8 Counterattacking against the White queen. Qxh4, while 1.

Qe4 Qh4 3. Rf4 Black resigns The deflection and decoy ideas are most frequently encountered in conjunction with a sacrifice. Diagram 19 Psakhis — Machulsky, Vilnius White to move 1. A deflection and a pin all rolled into one.

Chess Tactics for the Tournament Player

Black resigned, since there is no defense to the threat of 2. Our next example shows how to drive a piece away from the defense of an important square. Diagram 20 Paoli — Smyslov, Venice Black to move 1. Kf2 If 3. Kh1 Qg3 wins. Ke2 Black wins the queen with 4.

Obstruction Blocking This tactical device limits the mobility of the enemy forces. In the majority of cases, the enemy king is the target. The most extreme and Usually a series of checks is involved. Diagram 21 Instructive example White to move 1.

Now the Black king has no flight squares. Qxg7 mate Diagram 22 Instructive Example White to move White exploits the fact that the Black king is blocked and cannot go to e7. Rg8 mate So White uses an obstruction move to eliminate that defensive resource.

Ne2 Black resigns The threat is 4. Rxd6, but if 3. Qxh6 wins, and if the Black knight moves then the f5-square is available for the White queen, followed by Qh7 mate. Diagram 24 Lauders, White to move and mate in 3 Here the obstruction arises with the help of threats. This threatens Qxc7 mate. There is no defense to mate at g8. Pinning If you are already acquainted with this theme, you know that a pin is a tactical idea that prevents or discourages an enemy man from moving off a line lest it expose a comrade to capture or a key square to occupation.

The pinned piece acts like a shield, which in both chess and life can be dangerous work. An absolute pin arises when the shielded piece is the king. Then of course the pinned piece is not allowed to move away from the line along which it is pinned. Relative pins involve men covering pieces other than the king where the covered piece is more valuable than the pinned piece.

Its acceptance leads to forced mate. Better to lose a pawn than get mated. Diagram 26 Bronstein — N. Qxe4 White wins the queen. Diagram 27 Evans — Bisguier, U. Championship White to move Black is a pawn ahead but White has the better position, which he exploits with a combination based on a pin.

Loses immediately. Black can resist better with 1. Rxe6 with a material advantage for White. Another discovered attack, but the important point is that the queen at e7 is pinned in both a relative if 2. Rxe8 mate and absolute sense 2.

Diagram 28 Brundtrup — Budrich, Berlin White to move Bc5 The Black queen is pinned, but Black has a trick. Another exploitation of a pin, and this time it is final, because on the next move 3. Qxd6 will win an entire queen. Diagram 29 Ed. Lasker — Avalla, New York White to move The White pieces are very active, and the dark squares are under the control of the White bishop. If you keep in mind that we are discussing pins here, and use a little creative thinking, you will be able to guess how the following combination works.

Qe8 mate, while 1. Rd8 mate. A decoy that creates a pin. White has the advantage in the center and a rook on the seventh rank, but Black has some counterplay with his queenside pawns. White won by: First comes the decoy. Qh8 mate. Qxe6 And Black resigned. The pawn on f7 is pinned and unprotectable. It is a straight-line tactic attacking an enemy man, which if moved exposes the unit behind it to capture.

In the following seemingly placid position, White combines the skewer with deflection to win immediately: Diagram 31 Alexander — Cordingly, Surrey White to move 1. The queen must be moved or protected. The second player cannot try 1.

Nxd5 winning a piece in broad daylight. And if 1. Qxc6 deflection, but also winning is 2. Finally, a clever attempt by Black to trap the queen via 1. Qxa8 Nc6 is refuted by 3. Qxc6 Qxc6 4. One of the most common skewers is when a queen gets skewered on an open central file with an unprotected rook on its own back rank: Diagram 32 Instructive Example Black to move 1.

White saw a chance to win a pawn by 1. Exercises 1 33 White to move Solutions 1. Chiburdanidze-Andreyeva, Tbilisi Rd4 saves the extra piece, but after 1. Qxd4 Rd8 3. Problem by Paul Morphy: Qf7 mate. Instructive Example: Qxg1 2. Paglilla-Carbone, Argentina Rxa8 2. Kg1 Qh1 mate. Larsen-Spassky, Linares Kxh5 Qg5 mate.

Tal-Portisch, Biel Qxh7 mate. Instructive example: Re7 2. Ra8 mate! Lesson 3 Clearance and Interference Square Clearance The goal of this type of combination is the freeing of a square which is needed by another one of your pieces. Our first example comes from Alekhine: Diagram 45 Alekhine — N.

White to move Can White capture the Black queen? At first glance this seems to lose, because after capturing the queen the Black pawn gets to f2 and there is But the World Champion saw more deeply into the position!

Kxf5 3. The pawn advances with check and frees up the g2-square for use by the king, which can then handle the advanced pawn: Here is another lesson from a World Champion: To free the e4-square for his pawn, Black played And White resigned, since the next move is 2. Black resigned, seeing what was just over the horizon: Diagram 48 Smyslov — Szabo, Hastings White to move 1. Kxf4 and in a few moves Black resigned.

Clearing a Line In combinations which are designed to clear a line, a piece or a pawn stationed along the line is sacrificed in order to set up a decisive blow. This frees the e-file and may also open up the d-file. Diagram 50 Stolberg — Botvinnik, Moscow Black to move 1.

Opening the diagonal for a check at d5 to be followed by mate at g2, so White resigned. Diagram 51 Tal — N. Is there a decisive breakthough here? This opens the b1-h7 diagonal. Black resigned — if Black resigns The knight opens the path to the h2 square for the queen.

Kg8 3. On the other hand, 1. Black can attempt to contest the diagonal with 1. Nxh7 3. Diagram 53 Instructive Example White to move 1. Qxc5 2. Qg7 mate Now for some examples of clearing a diagonal. So how do we resolve the situation? This way: The threat is 2. Bxf4 If the king tries to run away he gets caught: Kxf2 Nh3 mate. Rxf2 Black has 2. Rf1 Nh3 mate. Rf3 Bxf3 mate If it were magically removed from the board, then Qg6 would be mate.

We must get the bishop out of the way without giving Black time to defend. Black cannot simultaneously deal with the threat to the queen and the threat of mate at g6. Interference You can use the idea of interference to disrupt the harmonious interaction of the defensive forces.

Often the goal of this tactic is to take control of a critical square. The interference device is used to insure that the enemy cannot maintain control of the critical square, file, rank or diagonal. Diagram 56 Reti-Bogolyubov, New York White to move White uses the interference tactic to disrupt the defenses along the back rank.

The game comes to an unexpected conclusion. Black resigns There is no way out, since 1. Qg8 mate and 1. This example combines discovered attack with defense stopping potential counterplay against g2. Diagram 58 Instructive example Black to move After 1. To avoid immediate checkmate White must play 2. Qxh3 Bxh3, after which Black has a big material advantage.

Diagram 59 A study by Heyecek, White to move White wins in this study by not allowing the Black pawn to advance to e4, in which case the Black bishop would guard the queening square h8. Black cannot capture, because then the pawn at h6 waltzes into the queening square. So the bishop hides on the long diagonal, praying for the opportunity to move his pawn. Kb1 Bc3 3. Kc2 Ba1 4. A classic example of interference. If Black captures with 4. Kd3 Ba1 6. Ke4 And the h-pawn promotes. Exercises 1 60 White to move Spassky-Korchnoi, Moscow, Unzicker-Fischer, Varna, White resigns.

Gutop-Roshal, Moscow, After 2. Bxd5 Bxd5 mate is inevitable on the open white diagonal. Andersson-Hartston, Hastings, White resigns since after 2.

Kxh3 Bf1 with mate on the diagonal f1-h3; and if instead 2. Kf2 or 2. Kg1 2. Tal-Parma, Bled, Black resigns 1. Dely-Kerkoff, Sombor, White resigns on 2. Bxc5 Rah8 is killing. Eliskases-Hoetzl, Graz Tal-Platonov, Dubna Qh6 Rxg3 2. Rxg6 3. Malesic-Misic, Yugoslavia Ftacnik-Georgiev, Groningen Rxg8 2. Kg7 7. Bxg7 Kxg7 2. You may sometimes hear that the terms fork and double attack have different meanings, but in practice they are interchangeable.

The knight is especially well-suited to attacking two pieces at once, and the knight fork has been known to trip up even the most experienced players. For example: Diagram 72 Krogius — Sergiyevsky, 19th Russian Championship If the queen moves Black loses the exchange, but after 1. Nxf5 White has an extra rook, and after 1.

The key square here is e7. We can follow the construction of the combination this way: There is also a relationship between the queen at d5 and the king on g8, which can be exploited by moving the knight to e7, which just happens to be conveniently occupied by an enemy rook. These circumstances allow White to play the combination and win.

Discovered Attack A discovered attack involves three pieces which are positioned on the same line rank, diagonal or file. If the obstructing piece can move with a powerful threat such as a check then the piece it uncovers is free to capture an enemy piece.

Diagram 73 Ghitescu — Fischer, Leipzig White made a major oversight here, playing 1. Fischer replied 1. Diagram 74 Beisdorf — Lipola, Helsinki 1. Diagram 75 Fischer — Spassky, World Championship Here Black played 1. And White answered 2. Qxd2 3. Rxd2 Kxe7 5. Rxc4 And White won a pawn and now has an extra exchange, which was sufficient to win. Diagram 76 Trifunovic — Aaron, Beverwijk The threat of Qh7 mate forces Black to play 1. Rxd8, which also sets up a pin on the enemy queen. So Black played 2.

Rd2-d7 there is no defense to the threat of 4. Qxf8 5. Qh7 mate. Discovered Check Discovered check is a form of discovered attack where the enemy piece involved is the king. The piece that moves out of the way to allow the check to be delivered can be anything but the queen. The piece which delivers the check can be queen, rook or bishop. Discovered check is a very powerful weapon. Because the opponent must respond to the check, the piece that moves away to provide the discovery can safely do almost anything it pleases.

Diagram 77 Donner — Keres, Zurich Black to move White resigned, since after 2.

Diagram 78 Short — Ludgate, England White to move This example shows the power of the deeply advanced pawn: Qxg7 2. Diagram 79 Anderssen — Lange, Breslau Black to move A discovered check is a nasty piece of work, and its brutal effect can be seen in this ancient game.

Black played 1. Rh5 Rxh5 mate, and 2. To get the full effect from a discovered check, you must find the best square for the piece that is getting out of the way of the checking piece. Sometimes this is a retreat, as in the following case: Diagram 80 Cooper — Boll, Vulca White to move The best move here is to move backwards to the square where the knight will be protected by the pawn: Qxf8 mate. Here is an example with just four pieces on the board.

Diagram 81 V. Speckman, White to mate in two White mates in two with 1. Qc8 mate and 1. Diagram 82 Instructive Example 1. Rxa8 Diagram 83 Comparing the two diagrams, we notice that most of the remaining pieces except for the White rook are in the same positions in which they started. But the Black king has watched most of his army disappear!

Double Check Double check is a form of discovered check. In a double check the piece which moves out of the way of the main checking piece also gives check. There is only one defense to a double check—the withdrawal of the king.

A double check takes place on a file, diagonal or rank, using a battery two pieces working together. A double check is such a powerful weapon that it often brings the game to a swift and victorious conclusion.

Steinitz-Meitner, Vienna 1. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 5. Ng5 Qd5 Nc3 Qf5 Nd5 Qd8 Nxe6 Qd7 Qe2 Be7 Qxc4 Ne5 Qb3 Qd6 Diagram 84 Qxg4 Qb6 Zaitsev-Karpov, Leningrad 1. Nf3 Nf6 3. Bd3 d5 5. Nxe5 Nd7 6. Nxf7 Qe7 It would be interesting to accept the gift with 6. Qxd5 mate, or 7. Qxe4 with two extra pawns, but after 7. Karpov prefers the initiative. Kd2 Nxd1 9. Re1 Pinning. X-Ray This term is taken from the realm of chess composition.

This is very much like a pin, except that instead of being pinned to a piece, an enemy unit is pinned to a square instead.

The Complete Book of Chess Strategy (Jeremy Silman).pdf

In the next position, White has a big threat: Kxg7 3. Fortunately for Black, it is his turn to move. But is there a defense? Diagram 87 Instructive Example Black to move 1. Rxh8 mate Diagram 88 Popov — Ryumin, Moscow White has just retreated his queen to d2, and the X-ray motif strikes with devastating effect.

The idea of this blow involves both decoying and double check. Kh4 Nf3 mate In-between Move When it comes to surprises, the most frequent one at the chessboard is the in-between move, commonly referred to by its rather unwieldy German name Zwischenzug. This takes place when one side is in the middle of a tactical operation, expecting a particular reply usually a recapture , but the opponent suddenly unleashes a powerful move which does not directly address the threat.

Diagram 89 Rossetto — Sherwin, Portoroz 1. Bxd6 White only reckoned on the recapture 2. But Black has an inbetween move. White resigned, since after 3.

Diagram 90 Lilienthal — Panov, Moscow Black to move 1. The rook is taboo, because of 2. Rhg1 Rb4! Qxb4 Qxg1! This in-between move allows Black to emerge from the battle with an extra piece in hand.

Rxg1 axb4 And Black eventually won. Diagram 91 Study by Otten White to move 1. Kd5 Bh6 3. This winning idea involves an in-between move with check. Bh4 5. Kf3 And the pawn promotes to a queen. White resigned. In-between moves can pop up at any stage of the game. Be2 d5 4. Kf1 cxd5 8. Bxf4 dxc4 9. Bxb8 White hopes to win a bishop after 9. Diagram 93 And if White retreats the bishop with Bf4, then Black obtained a superior game and went on to win. Rxf7 2. Qxe5 Now the a1-h8 diagonal is open, with winning threats.

Kxg2, in which case the reply 1. But White played And now Black had to resign, because the in-between move set up the deadly threat of 2. Bd4 mate, so there was no time to extricate the knight from g2. Exercises 1 96 White played 1. He played 1. But could he have taken the bishop at g6? Could White have responded 2. How would you have replied if you were Black? Qf6 find the mate in 3 moves.

Black resigned because on 1. Nxa7 and White has a material advantage as well as an attack 3. Qd7 mate. If it is White to move, the win is 1. Kxh7 2. Rh3 mate; B. With Black to move, the tables are turned: Kb1 Ra1 mate. Euwe-Benitez, Yes, indeed.

White plays 1. Re8 mate. The correct continuation on 1. Bh5 is 1. Kg1 Nh3 mate. Alekhine-Forrester, Bxd7 Kd8 2. Perlis-Tartakower, Moscow Qxe2 Qxc6 or 2. Qa4 Qc6 leaves Black with at least an extra piece.

Boleslavsky-Lilienthal, Leningrad Qf7 mate or 2. Bb5 mate. Petrosian-Simagin, Moscow Nxe5 and White has a winning endgame. Sveshnikov-Timman, Holland Kasparov-Karpov, Moscow Rxd7 2. Rxd7 and here the two rooks are stronger than the queen. Botvinnik-Golombek, Moscow Qd7 3.

Lesson 5 Destructive Combinations We have seen a number of examples of attacking play involving a king that was exposed. Now we must turn our attention to the task of stripping away the defenses that usually protect the king. To try to master the art of attack without understanding these destructive combinations is futile. If you are involved in an attack and pass up the opportunity to score the point by combinative means, you may find that there is no way to win the game, or that the game is prolonged because you failed to strike at the necessary moment.

Destructive combinations can also emerge suddenly, as a consequence of mistakes made by you or by your opponent. In the examples presented in this chapter, the attacker will destroy all or part of the defense by means of a sacrifice, which leads either to mate or to material advantage. But note that mate or the win of material is not always the goal of a destructive combination.

Sometimes a destructive combination is made in order to gain attacking chances, to create practical problems for the opponent, or to improve the harmony of the pieces in the attack.

These combinations are often characterized by the sacrifice of a piece which is either under attack or is deliberately left en prise. Diagram Spielmann — Tartakower, Marienbad White to move 1. Here White sacrifices the rook which sits undefended at e1 in order to create an immediate and fatal threat of mate at g7. Bf1 Now Black could delay immediate defeat by 2. Qg7 mate Kg1 Nxd1 And White resigned. Diagram Nimzowitsch — Rubinstein, Berlin White to move 1.

Kh3 and Black has only one check left to give. Here the enemy king is not exposed, so we have to do something to create the mating attack. In the next example we would like to check the enemy king at b6, but that square is protected by a pawn.

How do we demolish that protection, while maintaining the initiative? Diagram Averbakh — N. Kc8 Or 4. Re7 mate. Kd7 6. Rd8 mate!

But he was snared in a mating net after … 1. Taking control of d4. Be3 comes 3. Breaking Down the Defense In these combinations sacrifices are used to eliminate important defenders. As a result, the opponent is left without sufficient resources to hold off the attack or combat a specific threat.

Diagram Instructive Example White to move 1. Removing the defender of the c6 and d7 squares. Bxb5 mate Re8 mate Diagram Instructive example White to move Here the knight at e8 defends against the threat of mate at g7. So this knight must be eliminated. Rxe8 2. Diagram Tal — Suetin, Tbilisi White to move In this position f7 is the most sensitive square.

Bh6 mate or 2. Bxd5 Kd7 6. Bxe7 with the same result.

Diagram Spassky — Petrosian, Moscow White to move The Black king is very cramped, and the advance of the b-pawn with check would be decisive, except that the square is defended by the Black bishop. So the point of the combination must be to eliminate the defender, and this can be accomplished by a queen sacrifice.

And Black resigned in view of 1. Diagram Bisguier — Fischer, U. Normally Black would be happy to leave the knight on its worst square in the corner, but here the knight is a critical piece for the defense 1.

Kh3 Rh1 mate Diagram Instructive example Black to move 1. The weak point is f3, and now the threat is 2. So Black, who already has an extra pawn, will win even more material. Diagram Geller — Novotelnov, Moscow White to move 1. Black resigned, since the end is near: Ke6 Capturing the bishop would allow mate at h5. Diagram Instructive Example White to move In this position after … 1.

Nf7 Kxf7 2. Qc7 mate. Diagram Instructive Example White to move Followed by 2. Diagram Kupper — Olafsson, Zurich White to move 1. And the rook cannot be captured because the e6-square is no longer covered 1.

Rxh7 mate or 1. Winning the queen and finishing up a piece. We will see many other thematic examples of exposing the king in Lesson Six.

Diagram Instructive example Black to move White threatens a variety of mates on the queenside, so Black must act quickly. In this case, the goal is achieved via a rook sacrifice: Diagram Instructive Example This is a typical example of an exchange sacrifice which fractures the defending pawn structure: But White correctly goes for the kill.

Rd1 Bringing up the reserves! Rd3 Rf5 8. Rxg5 Bxg5 This eliminates the sole pawn which protects the king from threats on the g-file. Black is forced to take the rook 1.

Qh6 mate. White was able to exploit these weaknesses with precise play: Bxf6 Qxf6 2. Black resigned here, because the queen will be lost after: Rxf7, or 2. Rxg7 Rxg7 4. Kg8 4. Ra3 And Black is defenseless. The important point is that White was able to bring the rook into the attack. Diagram Verlinsky — Ryumin, Moscow Black to move 1. Rxa8 Rxa8 3. Kxf7 5. Qg8 mate All this was forced, and there was no way for Black to escape. Diagram Arnold — Tchigorin, St. Petersburg Black to move The conclusion was rather like a composed study, using the minor pieces to deliver mate.

Kf1 If the king moves to g3, then the bishop delivers mate at f2. Diagram Kamsky — Lautier, Dortmund White to move At the moment, White does not seem to have much of an attack. The attacking pieces are far away, and the Black king seems to be adequately defended by the wall of pawns. Things change quickly! Two pawns are not full compensation for a piece, but together with attacking chances they can be enough or more, especially if White can bring in other forces.

By exposing the Black king, White creates new motifs for threats and combinations. After all, rook and bishop are almost equal to the queen, and rook and two bishops will be stronger here than a queen and two pawns. In addition, the line between the rook at d1 and queen at d8 is now open, and the rook can also transfer to the kingside via d4. Rd4 Bf8 5. Kxh7 9. Qxh6 Black resigns Black had just played his knight to d7. Black resigned, since mate was inevitable. Kxg7 4. Qxh7 mate Forcing Black to destroy his own pawn structure.

Kb8 3. Rxa5 And mate follows. Exercises 1 White to move 2 White to move Anand-Ivanchuk, Linares Kxb7 2. Black resigns. Flohr-Rovner, Tartu Black resigned because of mate in a few moves, for example 2. Rh8 mate. Yugoslavia, Belgrade Lechtynsky-Kubichek, Prague Nxg7 2. Nh6 mate! Krogius-Lisitsyn, Leningrad Kc1 Qa1 mate.

Re3 Qc6 5. Rg3 and Black will lose a lot of material. Fischer-Cooper, Zurich Qe3 Bg7 3. Qb5 5. Qf3 Qxb2 6. Boleslavsky-Steiner, Stockholm Qxe6 winning 2. Kxe7 3. Re3 and Black resigned. Korsunskaya-Bykova, Riga For example 4. Qh6 Rg6 9. Bxg6, or 2. Nxh7 4. Black wins with 1. Kb1 Nb3! Knorre-Tchigorin, St. Petersburg The foundation for such a combination is laid when the attacker has a preponderance of force in the neighborhood of the enemy king. The surplus of attacking force makes it possible for the attacker to invest material in a successful attack.

It is important to act decisively when the occasion arises, so that the opponent will not have time to marshal reserve forces and bring them to the defense of the king. The combinations we will speak of here are well known to experienced chessplayers.

We call them typical combinations because they occur frequently. Learning them will help you become a strong chessplayer.

If the patterns of these combinations becomes familiar, you will not let the opportunity for a winning and striking combination slip through your fingers.


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