INSTANT reference on all Medicines available in Pakistan. PharmaGuide. SMARTPHONE VERSION. Pakistan Edition. Partition Manager 6. Bueno, explico de las dos formas m aacute s reconocidas, por xploits y por troyanos. Pakistan pharma guide pdf free. Direct Link #1. PharmaGuide - (Application contains data on CEPHALOSPORINS only by default. Complete Data is available through yearly subscriptions. Users having.
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online or download.. free pharma guide pakistan downloads - - Pharma Suite Plus Pharmaguide Welcome To The Pharma nbafinals.info Free Download Here. pharma guide pdf free download PDF | nbafinals.info Biology Handwritten Notes in Hindi by Ankur Yadav PDF Download Hello Friends, Today we are. PharmaGuide Pakistan EditionInstant and Predictive Search by:BrandGeneric Name (e.g. Cefoperazone)Contents (e.g. Cefoperazone and.
The minimum sample size was as calculated by the Raosoft sample size calculator [ 21 ] based on cancer prevalence in Pakistan. Data was collected at different intervals from the selected cancer-care hospitals.
A data collection form was designed for this study which consisted of three main parts: 1 socio-demographic characteristics, 2 diagnosis and 3 recommended medicines. The reliability of the survey tool was assessed by conducting a pilot study. Piloting was undertaken using data from patients.
After piloting, the data collection form was restructured. Those participants who were retired taking pension or running a business were classified as employed and housewives were considered as unemployed. The data was obtained through face to face questioning of patients. To avoid biasness, the data regarding employment status and income level of the participants was validated by using online tax payer verification system of Federal Board of Revenue FBR [ 22 ].
Diagnosis and prescribing pattern The type of cancer and all the medicines present in each prescription were noted on a pre-designed performa sheet. Anticancer medicines having more than one active ingredient were not evaluated.
Availability of anticancer medicines and their per month cost Forty anticancer medicines were chosen for the survey.
These anticancer medicines were selected on the basis of, a pilot study in which local needs and cancer burden was assessed, b literature review, and c the opinions of various experts. During the survey, if medicines were present at the pharmacy settings then they considered as available. The availability of anticancer medicines was evaluated in public hospitals, private hospitals, and private pharmacies.
For the assessment of prices associated with these medicines, Pharmaguide , was consulted [ 23 ]. The process of data collection was done by trained pharmacy students under the supervision of survey manager and principal investigator.
If any information was found missing then a follow up visit to the respective setting was conducted. In this way a good cooperation was established between the team of investigators and the staff members of the selected settings.
Since in 1. One example of such Larkana of the Sindh Province.
These are false as well as The medical literature consisted of published exaggerated claims. Admittedly, loratadine is research articles retrievable from the Pubmed. In yet one more claim claims were further classified as follows: for a drug, which is a calcium supplement, it is stated 1. This claim is merely made on 2.
Ambiguous: when a merit of a drug in a assumptions and there is no study and clinical particular circumstance was extrapolated erroneously evidence available to support such a claim. Domperidone Anti-emetic Indicated in non-specific Only useful in abdominal pain Exaggerated abdominal pain associated with diabetic gastropathy 17 Domperidone Anti-emetic Provides relief in Effective in flatulence in a subset of Exaggerated flatulence patients with irritable bowel syndrome 18 Duxil Neuroprotective Improves memory Limited data in a subset of aged Exaggerated population 19 Glibenclamide Sulfonylurea anti- Prevents diabetic Not directly.
May delay the Exaggerated diabetic complications complications through optimum blood glucose control Glimepiride Sulfonylurea anti- Restores physiological The study quoted by the advertisement Exaggerated diabetic insulin release pattern has shown only the effect of drug after during meals and exercise meals not during or after exercise 20 Hydrocortisone Corticosteroid Life saving in Steroids are never life saving in Exaggerated sodium succinate anaphylactic reaction anaphylaxis.
They are used once the condition has stabilized with other agents 21 Lactulose Laxative Indicated as a first line Lack of evidence Exaggerated treatment of all types of constipation Loratadine H1-receptor Provides quick relief Causes less but definite sedation 14 Exaggerated antagonist without sedation thus ensures the high activity of performance Losartan Angiotensin 1 Better tolerability than In what respect? Mecobalamin The most effective Mildly effective in only diabetic Exaggerated treatment for peripheral peripheral neuropathy 23 neuropathy 52 J Pharm Pharmaceut Sci www.
Is it a benefit? Ambiguous Losartan Angiotensin 1 receptor More effective control of blood More effective than what?? Ambiguous antagosist pressure Mecobalamin Vitamin B12 analogue Effective in all kinds of nerve Which disorders??
Ambiguous of duodenal and gastric ulcer 53 J Pharm Pharmaceut Sci www. To claims : During analysis, we encountered some very support the claim, a paper was quoted This vague statements about the drugs as presented in study was conducted on a limited number of patients Table 2. These statements may be only half of the with mild hypertension. We could not find any other truth resulting in the misleading and misguiding of study complementing the findings of this report.
For instance, there was an interesting Based on a single isolated study, hypertension can claim about the use of bromazepam, which was being not be claimed as an approved use of bromazepam. Table 3: List of false promotional claims by pharmaceutical companies in the light of scientific evidence. For example, we observed a claim on a drug is frequently associated with bone marrow promotional material that methotrexate is rarely suppression and hepatotoxicity But the other side of the story is that Medical journal articles 0.
As a matter of fact few Newspapers 0 of the studies that we came across showed higher incidence of mortality in patients treated with the Drug bulletins 0 combination compared to sulfonylurea alone 41, Pakistan National Formulary 0 B. Out of which GPs responded positively response rate; All the GPs selected were solo Sponsored meetings 3. The characteristics of the GPs, who Journal advertisements 0.
Hospital doctors — Discharge letters, patients 4.
Previous studies have Years since last degree We also observed that despite the apprehensions about the truthfulness of the advertised claims, the GPs rate The area of study included the cities of Karachi and the pharmaceutical advertisement as the most Larkana of the Sindh Province.
Since the response of important source of information about the drugs. GPs from the two cities was not different, the Furthermore, a majority of physicians are of the view answers from all the doctors belonging to both cities that drug marketing has undoubtedly an influence on were pooled together.
The doctors were asked to their prescribing practices. The drug promotional identify the primary source of information of the practices carried out by the pharmaceutical industry drugs for them. Although assessment of by them. Interestingly, mind the objectives of the evidence-based medicine. Many of the claims made safety or convenience made by the pharmaceutical by them were not supported with data.
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Version History Here you can find the changelog of PharmaGuide since it was posted on our website on The latest version is 4. See below the changes in each version:. Continue to PharmaGuide. Add a review Tell us your experience with PharmaGuide 4. PharmaGuide Afghanistan Edit.. BrandGeneric Name e.
Cefoperazone Contents e.