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Raising An Emotionally Intelligent Child by John Gottman - Raising an Emotionally Intelligent Child is John Gottman's groundbreaking guide to teaching children. Raising an Emotionally Intelligent Child will equip parents with a five-step “ emotion coaching” process that teaches how to: Be aware of a child's emotions. Ebook download any format Raising An Emotionally Intelligent Child The Heart of Parenting Unlimited Free E-Book Download now.
She might start out like the Laissez-Faire parent, empathizing with Joshua, and letting him know that she understands his sadness. But she would go further, providing Joshua with guidance for what to do with his uncomfortable feelings. Perhaps the conversation would go something like this: Diane: Let's put on your jacket, Joshua. It's time to go. Joshua: No! I don't want to go to daycare. Diane: You don't want to go? Why not? Joshua: Because I want to stay here with you. Diane: You do?
Joshua: Yeah I want to stay home. Diane: Gosh, I think I know just how you feel. Some mornings I wish you and I could just curl up in a chair and look at books together instead of rushing out the door.
But you know what? I made an important promise to the people at my office that I'd be there by nine o'clock and I can't break that promise. Joshua starting to cry : But why not? It's not fair. I don't want to go.
Diane: Come here, Josh. Taking him onto her lap. I'm sorry, honey, but we can't stay home. I'll bet that makes you feel disappointed doesn't it? Joshua nodding : Yeah. Diane: And kind of sad? Joshua: Yeah. Diane: I feel kind of sad, too. She lets him cry for a while and continues to hug him, letting him have his tears. I know what we can do. Let's think about tomorrow, when we don't have to go to work and daycare.
We'll be able to spend the whole day together. Can you think of anything special you'd like to do tomorrow? Joshua: Have pancakes and watch cartoons?
Diane: Sure, that would be great. Anything else? Joshua: Can we take my wagon to the park? Diane: I think so. Joshua: Can Kyle come, too? Diane: Maybe. We'll have to ask his mom. But right now it's time to get going, okay? Joshua: Okay. At first glance, the Emotion-Coaching parent may seem much like the Dismissing parent because both directed Joshua to think about something other than staying home.
But there is an important distinction. As an Emotion Coach, Diane acknowledged her son's sadness, helped him to name it, allowed him to experience his feelings, and stayed with him while he cried.
She didn't try to distract his attention away from his feelings. Nor did she scold him for feeling sad, as the Disapproving mother did. She let him know that she respects his feelings and thinks his wishes are valid. Unlike the Laissez-Faire mother, the Emotion-Coaching parent set limits. She took a few extra minutes to deal with Joshua's feelings, but she let him know that she wasn't going to be late for work and break her promise to her co-workers.
Joshua was disappointed but it was a feeling both he and Diane could deal with. And once Joshua had a chance to identify, experience, and accept the emotion, Diane showed him it was possible to move beyond his sad feelings and look forward to fun the next day.
This response is all part of the process of Emotion Coaching that my research colleagues and I uncovered in our studies of successful parent-child interactions. The process typically happens in five steps. The parents: 1.
By observing and analyzing in detail the words, actions, and emotional responses of families over time, as we have done in our studies, we have discovered a truly significant contrast. Children whose parents consistently practice Emotion Coaching have better physical health and score higher academically than children whose parents don't offer such guidance.
These kids get along better with friends, have fewer behavior problems, and are less prone to acts of violence. Over all, children who are Emotion-Coached experience fewer negative feelings and more positive feelings. In short, they're more healthy emotionally. But here's the result I find most surprising: When mothers and fathers use a coaching style of parenting, their children become more resilient.
The kids who are Emotion-Coached still get sad, angry, or scared under difficult circumstances, but they are better able to soothe themselves, bounce back from distress, and carry on with productive activities. In other words, they are more emotionally intelligent. Indeed, our research shows that Emotion Coaching can even protect kids from the proven harmful effects of an increasingly common crisis for American families -- marital conflict and divorce.
With more than half of all marriages now ending in divorce, millions of children are at risk for problems many social scientists have linked to family dissolution. These problems include school failure, rejection by other children, depression, health challenges, and antisocial behavior. Such problems can also affect children from unhappy, conflict-ridden homes even when their parents don't divorce. Our own research shows that when a couple constantly fights, their conflict gets in the way of their child's ability to form friendships.
We also found that marital conflict affects a child's schoolwork and increases the child's susceptibility to illness. We now know that a major result of the epidemic of ailing and dissolving marriages in our society is an increase in deviant and violent behavior among children and teenagers. But when the Emotion-Coaching parents in our studies experienced marital conflict, or were separated or divorced, something different happened.
With the exception of the fact that these kids were generally "sadder" than the other children in our study, Emotion Coaching seemed to shield them from the deleterious effects suffered by so many who have this experience. Previously proven effects of divorce and marital conflict, such as academic failure, aggression, and problems with peers, did not show up in the Emotion-Coached kids; all of which suggests that Emotion Coaching offers children the first proven buffer against the emotional trauma of divorce.
While such findings are obviously relevant for families who are currently struggling with marital problems and the aftermath of divorce, we expect that further research will reveal that Emotion Coaching can buffer children against a whole host of other conflicts, losses, and heartaches as well.
Another surprising discovery from our research has to do with fathers. Our studies found that when dads adopt an Emotion-Coaching style of parenting, it has an extremely positive impact on their children's emotional development. When fathers are aware of their kids' feelings and try to help them solve problems, children do better in school and in relationships with others.
In contrast, an emotionally distant dad -- one who is harsh, critical, or dismissing of his children's emotions -- can have a deeply negative impact. His kids are more likely to do poorly in school, fight more with friends, and have poor health. This emphasis on dads does not mean that a mother's involvement doesn't affect children's emotional intelligence as well.
The effects of her interactions with her children are significant. But our studies indicate that a father's influence can be much more extreme, whether that effect is good or bad. At a time when an alarming 28 percent of American children are growing up in mother-only households, the significance of a father's presence in a child's life cannot be overlooked.
We shouldn't assume, however, that any father is better than no father. An emotionally present dad can be a tremendous benefit in a child's life, but a cold and cruel father can do great harm.
While our research shows that Emotion-Coaching parents can help their kids develop into healthier, more successful adults, the technique is by no means a cure for serious family problems that require the help of a professional therapist.
And unlike proponents of many other parenting theories, I will not promise that Emotion Coaching is a panacea for all the normal problems of family life. Practicing Emotion Coaching does not mean all family arguments will cease, that there will be no more harsh words, no more bruised feelings, no more sadness or stress.
Conflict is a fact of family life. Still, once you start using Emotion Coaching, you will probably feel yourself growing closer to your children. And when your family shares a deeper intimacy and respect, problems between family members will seem lighter to bear. And finally, Emotion Coaching does not mean an end to discipline. Indeed, when you and your children are emotionally close, you are even more invested in their lives and can therefore assert a stronger influence. You're in a position to be tough when toughness is called for.
When you see your children making mistakes or slacking off, you call them on it. You're not afraid to set limits. You're not afraid to tell them when they've disappointed you, when you know they can do better. And because you have an emotional bond with your children, your words matter.
They care about what you think and they don't want to displease you. In this way, Emotion Coaching may help you guide and motivate your kids. Emotion Coaching requires a significant amount of commitment and patience, but the job is essentially the same as that of any other coach. If you want to see your kid excel at baseball, you don't avoid the game; you get out in the yard and start working with him. Likewise, if you want to see your child handle feelings, cope with stress, and develop healthy relationships, you don't shut down or ignore expressions of negative emotion; you engage with your child and offer guidance.
While grandparents, teachers, and other adults can serve as Emotion Coaches in a child's life, as a parent, you're in the best spot for the job. After all, you're the one who knows what rules you want your child to play by. And you're the one who's going to be there when life gets tough. Whether the challenge is infant colic, potty training, sibling warfare, or broken prom dates, your child looks to you for signals. So you might as well put on the coach's cap and help your child win the game.
While parents in the s may have fretted about alcohol on graduation night, today's parents worry daily about cocaine sales at middle school. Yesterday's parents worried that their teenage daughters might turn up pregnant; today's parents are teaching their fifth-graders about AIDS. A generation ago, turf battles between rival youth gangs erupted only in tough, urban areas and ended with fistfights or an occasional stabbing.
Today, youth gangs spring up even in middle-class neighborhoods. And with the proliferation of the drug trade and firearms, gang fights often end in fatal shoot-outs. Violent crimes against young people have been rising at an alarming rate. Between and , homicide rates among fifteen- to nineteen-year-old youths rose percent in nonwhite males, 75 percent in white males, and 30 percent in females of all races. At the same time, young American males have been committing more violent crimes at younger ages than ever before.
From to , the juvenile arrest rate for violent crime more than tripled. Between and , the number of juveniles arrested for murder increased 93 percent, and for aggravated assault, 72 percent.
Parents have to do more today than provide kids with basic nurturing, a good education, and a strong moral ethic. Today's families must also concern themselves with some of the most basic survival issues. How can we immunize our children from an epidemic of violence that is infesting youth culture in our country? How can we persuade them to postpone sexual activity until they are mature enough to make responsible, safe choices? How can we infuse them with enough self-regard that they steer clear of drug and alcohol abuse?
Over the years, social scientists have proven that children are drawn into antisocial, delinquent behavior as a result of problems in their family environment -- problems like marital conflict, divorce, the physical or emotional absence of a father, domestic violence, poor parenting, neglect, abuse, and poverty. The solutions, then, should be to build better marriages and see that parents have the economic and social support they need to take good care of their children.
The problem is, our society appears to be headed in the opposite direction. In , only 4 percent of new mothers were unmarried; today some 30 percent are. While most of today's unmarried mothers eventually wed, a high divorce rate -- now more than half of all new marriages -- keeps the number of mother-only households high. Right now, it's around 28 percent, with about half of these families living in poverty.
Many children from divorced families lack the financial or emotional support they need from fathers. Figures from the U. Census show that just over half the mothers entitled to child support receive the full amount; a quarter received partial payment, and a fifth received nothing at all.
One study of children from disrupted families found that two years after a divorce, a majority of children had not seen their fathers for a year. Remarriage, if it happens, brings its own problems. Divorce is more common in second marriages than in first marriages.
And while studies show that stepfathers often bring a more reliable income, the relationship often brings more stress, confusion, and sadness into a child's life.
Child abuse occurs more frequently in stepfamilies than in natural families. According to one Canadian study, preschool children in stepfamilies are forty times more likely than those who live with biological parents to suffer physical and sexual abuse.
Children in emotional pain don't leave their problems at the schoolhouse door. As a result, schools nationwide have reported dramatic increases in behavior problems over the past decade. Our public schools -- many already drained from antitax initiatives -- are being called upon to provide an increasing number of social services for children whose emotional needs are not met at home.
In essence, schools are becoming emotional buffering zones for the growing number of children hurt by divorce, poverty, and neglect. Consequently, there are fewer resources available to fund basic education, a trend that's reflected in declining academic scores. In addition, families of all kinds are stressed by changes that have occurred in the workforce and the economy over the past few decades. Effective income has been eroded over the past two decades, which means that many families need double paychecks to stay afloat.
More women have entered the paid workforce. And for many couples, the power shift that happens as the male partner loses his role as the sole breadwinner brings added stresses. At the same time, employers are demanding more of workers' time.
According to Harvard economics professor Juliet Schor, the typical American family now works one thousand more hours each year than it did twenty-five years ago. One survey showed that Americans have a third less free time than they did in the s. As a result, people say they are spending less time on basics like sleeping, eating, and playing with their kids. Between and , the time parents had available to spend with their children fell by more than ten hours a week. Short on time, Americans are participating less in community and religious activities that uphold the family structure.
And as our society becomes more mobile, moving from city to city for economic reasons, an increasing number of families live without the support of nearby family and lifelong friends. The net effect of all these social changes is that our children face increased risks to their health and well-being. Meanwhile, the support systems that aid families in protecting kids are getting weaker. Still, as this book shows, we as parents are far from helpless. My research tells me that the answer to keeping our children safe from many risks lies in building stronger emotional bonds with them, thus helping them to develop a higher level of emotional intelligence.
Evidence is mounting that kids who can feel their parents' love and support are better protected from the threats of youth violence, antisocial behavior, drug addiction, premature sexual activity, adolescent suicide, and other social ills. Studies reveal that children who feel respected and valued in their families do better in school, have more friendships, and live healthier, more successful lives.
Now, with more in-depth research into the dynamics of families' emotional relationships, we are beginning to understand how this buffering effect happens. Emotion Coaching as an Evolutionary Step As part of our research into the emotional lives of families, we ask parents to tell us about their responses to their preschoolers' negative feelings. Like many fathers, Mike tells us that he finds his four-year-old daughter, Becky, comical when she's angry.
But just imagine for a moment what would happen if Mike reacted this way to his wife's anger. Or, what if Mike's boss responded to him this way when he was mad? It probably wouldn't amuse Mike at all. Yet, many adults think nothing of laughing in the face of a raging preschooler. Many well-meaning parents dismiss children's fears and upsets as though they didn't matter. Instead, the child in such situations begins to accept the adult's estimation of the event and learns to doubt her own judgment.
With adults constantly invalidating her feelings, she loses confidence in herself. Thus, we have inherited a tradition of discounting children's feelings simply because children are smaller, less rational, less experienced, and less powerful than the adults around them. Taking children's emotions seriously requires empathy, keen listening skills, and a willingness to see things from their perspective.
It also takes a certain selflessness. Behavioral psychologists have observed that preschoolers typically demand that their caretakers deal with some kind of need or desire at an average rate of three times a minute. Under ideal circumstances, a mom or dad might respond cheerfully. But when a parent is stressed or otherwise distracted, a child's incessant, and sometimes irrational demands can drive that parent wild.
And so it has been for centuries. While I believe parents have always loved their children, historical evidence shows that, unfortunately, past generations did not necessarily recognize the need for patience, restraint, and kindness in dealing with kids.
Psychiatrist Lloyd deMause, in his essay "The Evolution of Childhood," paints a horrifying picture of neglect and cruelty that children of the Western world have endured through the ages.
His work shows, however, that throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the plight of children gradually improved. With each generation, parents generally became better than the last at meeting the physical, psychological, and emotional needs of children. As deMause describes it, raising a child "became less a process of conquering a child's will than training it, guiding it into proper paths, teaching it to conform, and socializing it.
Social psychologist Lois Murphy, for example, who conducted extensive observations and experiments with toddlers and preschoolers in the s, showed that most small children are, by nature, primarily altruistic and empathetic toward one another, particularly toward another child in distress. With this growing belief in the intrinsic goodness of children, our society has been evolving since mid-century into another new era of parenting, one that deMause described as "the helping mode.
Instead, more parents now believe their role is to assist children to develop according to their own interests, needs, and desires.
To do this, parents are adopting what psychological theorist Diana Baumrind first referred to as an "authoritative" style of parenting. While authoritarian parents characteristically impose many limits and expect strict obedience without giving children explanations, authoritative parents set limits but are considerably more flexible, providing their children with explanations and lots of warmth.
Baumrind also describes a third style of parenting she calls permissive, whereby parents are warm and communicative toward their children, but exert few limits on behavior. In studies of preschool children in the s, Baumrind found that children of authoritarian parents tended to be conflicted and irritable, while children of permissive parents were often impulsive, aggressive, low in self-reliance, and low in achievement.
But children of authoritative parents were most consistently cooperative, self-reliant, energetic, friendly, and achievement-oriented. Movement toward this less authoritarian, more responsive mode of parenting has been fueled by tremendous growth in our understanding of child psychology and the social behavior of families in the past twenty-five years.
Social scientists have discovered, for example, that infants have an amazing ability to learn social and emotional cues from their parents, beginning at birth. We now know that when caregivers respond sensitively to babies' cues -- engaging in eye contact, taking turns at "baby talk," and allowing babies to rest when they seem overstimulated -- the babies learn early how to regulate their own emotions. These babies still get excited when that's called for, but they are able to calm themselves down afterward.
Studies have also shown that when infants have caretakers who don't pay attention to these cues -- say, a depressed mom who doesn't talk to her baby, or an anxious dad who plays with the baby too hard and too long -- the baby doesn't develop the same knack for regulating his emotions.
The baby may not learn that babbling gets attention, so he becomes quiet and passive, socially disengaged. Or, because he's constantly stimulated, he may not get the chance to learn that sucking his thumb and stroking his blanket are good ways to calm down. Learning to calm down and focus attention become increasingly important as the baby matures. For one, these skills allow a child to be attentive to social cues from parents, caregivers, and others in their environment.
Learning to be calm also helps the child to concentrate in learning situations and to focus on the achievement of specific tasks. And, as a child grows, it's extremely helpful for learning how to share toys, pretend, and otherwise get along with playmates.
Even the paperback will fit comfortably in your bag, pocket, or similar, so you can take it anywhere with you and practice on the move. Throughout, and again at the end of the book, Hasson includes inspiring Emotional Intelligence quotes to keep you motivated. David Walton is a behavioral change specialist, something that quickly becomes apparent in his general overview of Emotional Intelligence.
Introducing Emotional Intelligence is aimed at organizational managers interested in improving their professional interpersonal skills. It covers exercises on feelings and self-control and understanding and influencing others. It contains exercises that are designed to help team members deal with emotional barriers for enhanced effectiveness.
Those interested in finding out more about the linkages between Emotional Intelligence and Leadership Effectiveness can choose among different exercises tailored to different degrees of experience. It also contains useful exercises to address a lack of trust within teams for better collaboration. Find this book on site to download a Kindle copy.
Throughout the book, both Merledeve and Vurnum draw on their own consulting and coaching experiences. They share over a hundred tips for how employees can empathize with each other, collaborate better, and motivate one another to make the most of their strengths. John Gottman. His book draws on his experience working with over families to outline a method for coaching children to develop Emotional Intelligence. It encourages the parent or reader to reflect on their current approaches and tackles real challenges to emotional intelligence coaching.
Empathy, bonding, and understanding are all key essential concepts in this concise page parenting guide. download the ebook version at Kobo. Lawrence Shapiro. Some of the neuroscientific bases may not be fresh news, however, it was published over 20 years ago.
It is easy to read but may contain more actionable implications for parents of young children than for teachers. As with many other books on Emotional Intelligence, it emphasizes the importance of EQ over IQ regarding success—as such, it also offers an overview of the topic for new readers.
Download the ebook for Kindle at site. It is slightly less in-depth from a research perspective than some other mostly academic works but makes up for it with an incredible amount of practical, down-to-earth guidance and methods.
This is — as the title suggests, a practical and useful resource for dealing with day-to-day challenges. Novels can genuinely offer a lot in the way of helping us understand Emotional Intelligence — and in an easily digestible format. It makes sense that they will find that…can lead to more empathy and understanding of other lives. Excerpts from the following literary fiction titles — and works by the following authors — were read by the high-performing groups in the study van Kuijk et al.
The broader implications of the study are probably welcome news for keen readers. Bonus Book! Warmly recommended by Sue Langley in the comments down below, we add this bonus book to your list of 26 best emotional intelligence books as a must-read: Emotional Agility: Get Unstuck, Embrace Change, and Thrive in Work and Life by Susan David Packed with anecdotes and references to empirical research, Emotional Agility is full of actionable advice on EI.
Harvard Medical School Psychologist Dr. Susan David covers several interesting and useful premises in this book, perhaps most notably, the ways in which we can detach cognitively from our emotions. Throughout, she tells stories and cites studies in a way that makes it easy for the reader to reflect on related situations in their own daily lives.
Not, she points out, bottling up our emotions or brooding on them. In Chapters 7 and 8, particularly, David walks the reader through some practical methods for moving on past negative cognitive processes. The good news? Developing Emotional Agility is not about instant, revolutionary and probably very large-scale changes.