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Architecture, Design and Consulting. CONTAINER ARCHITECTURE – THIS BOOK FIRST BOOK EVER WRITTEN ABOUT CONTAINER ARCHITECTURE. Shipping Container Architecture nbafinals.info - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Uploaded from Google Docs. Books written about shipping container homes. A striking example of shipping container architecture, Platoon Kunsthalle serves as an exciting and inspiring.
The maintenance and yearly energy expense for the two however, are substantially different. Landscaping and shading are very effective passive design strategies.
The location of dense, coniferous trees on the elevation against the prevailing wind usually west or northwest may decrease heat loss due to infiltration and wind chill factor in the winter.
Sites with deciduous shade trees can reduce summer solar gain if positioned properly on the south and west elevations of the buildings.
Every site is different and has its own potentials. If you don't already have a land survey of the site, it's probably a good time to get one done. They're full of relevant information and could bring things to your attention like easements and utility access locations that you're unaware of.
If you are lucky you received one when you downloadd the land or will be able to get one from the record files of your building department. Remember, flat sites are best as they require minimum excavation and grading. If you are planning a build which consists of more than one container, you should talk with an engineer or contractor early.
Foundation costs are potentially very expensive, especially if the bearing capacity of the soil is poor or land substantially sloped. Typically, they are a communication tool between the designer and client as they vet through the design of the home. You can use hand sketches or utilize one of the many consumer modeling and drafting applications. But, they are for your own reference and not necessary for filing.
If you are, which is most cases, first thing to do is call the building department and get a permitting submittal checklist. Things typically required will be plans site, foundation, floors, and roof , elevations, land survey, water treatment septic and run-off , energy code compliance, structural drawings, and soils report. Also make sure to check which of these documents will need to be stamped by a licensed professional.
Having done this prior to bidding the project will do three things; help get accurate pricing for budget development, assemble a list of general contractors to bid competitively for the project if you are not building yourself , and problem solve the design.
Typically, there is no single best method for all projects, and no method delivers fastest, cheapest, and highest quality simultaneously. What distinguishes each is the amount of design information and drawings available prior to construction and whether the build price is fixed or relative to actual costs.
From the design perspective, there are many design entities with Kit shipping container home offerings.
These however, are very far from turnkey. The ones that do, have very small custom shops with limited output which is highly customized and high in price.
Typically, they have a stock catalogue of very base shipping container home designs to download turnkey. Some can provide customized solutions design to your specs , at higher cost points. Even a small one. There are thousands of materials, pieces, and tasks involved. Unless you are a builder or experienced its intimidating. But, what containers as perfect modules allow you to do, is simplify the entire process.
Think of a typical 1, square foot house. Try and work through in your head the total length of timber for the framing, square footage of sheathing, number of floor joists required, and ceiling rafters.
Cant do it. Not too many can. Now think about that 1, square foot house made out of shipping containers. Its 3 forty foot containers.
By reducing the house into 3 base component pieces modules , its much easier to understand, design, and build. The corrugation panels roof, sides, and back , floor, purlins, front doors, frame, and rails form an integrated structural skin. They are strong and made to carry floor loads far in excess of what is required for typical home construction. But, when you modify them, cutting holes or penetrating members, they are weakened.
Regardless of what level of modification your shipping container home design calls for, it is recommended to review with a structural engineer or architect. Steel cutting, framing, and welding is a large part of shipping container home design and construction. Typically, steel construction is not used much in single family or smaller home design because of expense. Cost of steel vs. To combat this, it is best to have as much of the welding and reinforcing done off-site before setting the containers on site and starting the interior fit-out.
Most if not all container re-sellers have the facilities to make these modifications. If you dont have experience in metal work, or are not hiring a general contractor, you should plan on doing most of the container modification work off-site prior to delivery.
These heavy-gauge steel containers are so strongeach is designed to carry 57, poundsthat they need only be fastened at the corners to hold fast, much as they would be on a ship.
In the example above, the shipping container bottom corner blocks are welded to steel plates imbedded in the concrete slab to secure the house to the foundation 20 Install windows, exterior doors, flashing, and any sky lights Windows are set into openings that were measured and cut prior to delivery of the shipping containers or roughed out on site.
All openings for windows and doors should be framed with a steel section. Hollow rectangle sections work the best, but an L section will work as well. Images below show openings or sliding door systems in the end and sidewall panels of a container. Even though container modifcation-examples are abundant, just 3 are chosen here to give an idea of the range and variety. First the spacebox, designed by De Vijf and Holland Composites.
These two examples show the manipulation of a sinlge container-box and the different spatial and conceptual possibiliites. MAS responds to issues raised by contemporary cities such as London, where our increasingly transient lifestyles are resulting in more work related communities in which living closer to the workplace and being able to move quickly a predominant factor in our choice of the home.
This shift in emphasis will fundamentally change the way we view our cities. They are closed containers, i. A distinc- tion may be drawn between the following types of standard contain- er: - Standard containers with doors at one or both end s - Standard containers with doors at one or both end s and doors over the entire length of one or both sides - Standard containers with doors at one or both end s and doors on one or both sides In addition, the various types of standard container also differ in di- mensions and weight, resulting in a wide range of standard contain- ers.
Standard containers are mainly used as 20 and 40 containers. Con- tainers with smaller dimensions are very seldom used. Indeed, the trend is towards even longer dimensions, e. The principal com- ponents of a standard container are shown above in diagram of a 20 plywood container.
In contrast to standard containers, which have a maximum height of mm 86 , high-cube containers are mm, or 96, tall. High-cube containers are for the most part 40 long, but are sometimes made as 45 containers. A number of lashing rings, capable of bearing loads of at most kg, are mounted on the front top end rail and bottom cross member and the corner posts.
Many 40 containers have a recess in the foor at the front end which serves to center the containers on so-called gooseneck chassis. These recesses allow the containers to lie lower and therefore to be of taller construction. The foor is made of wood. This simplifies design, planning and transport. As they are already designed to interlock for ease of mobility during transportation, structural construction is completed by simply emplacing them.
Due to the containers' modular design, additional construction is as easy as stacking more containers. They can be stacked up to 12 units high when empty. Labor The welding and cutting of steel is considered to be specialized labor and can increase construction expenses, yet overall it is still lower than conventional construction.
Unlike wood frame construction, attachments must be welded or drilled to the outer skin, which is more time consuming and requires different job site equipment. Transport Because they already conform to standard shipping sizes, pre-fabricated modules can be easily transported by ship, truck, or rail. Availability Because of their wide-spread use, new and used shipping containers are available across the planet. Expense Many used containers are available at an amount that is low compared to a finished structure built by other labor-intensive means such as bricks and mortar — which also require larger more expensive foundations.
When upcycling shipping containers, thousands of kilograms of steel are saved. In addition when building with containers, the amount of traditional building materials needed i. Disadvantages[ edit ] Temperature Steel conducts heat very well; containers used for human occupancy in an environment with extreme temperature variations will normally have to be better insulated than most brick, block or wood structures.
Lack of flexibility Although shipping containers can be combined together to create bigger spaces, creating spaces different to their default size either 20 or 40 foot is expensive and time consuming.
Containers any longer than 40 feet will be difficult to navigate in some residential areas. Humidity As noted above, single wall steel conducts heat.
In temperate climates, moist interior air condenses against the steel, becoming clammy. Rust will form unless the steel is well sealed and insulated. Construction site The size and weight of the containers will, in most cases, require them to be placed by a crane or forklift.
Traditional brick, block and lumber construction materials can often be moved by hand, even to upper stories. Building permits The use of steel for construction, while prevalent in industrial construction, is not widely used for residential structures.
Obtaining building permits may be troublesome in some regions due to municipalities not having seen this application before.
However, in the US certain shipping container homes have been built in outside of the city's zoning code; this meant no building permits were required. Before human habitation, floors should be removed and safely disposed. Units with steel floors would be preferable, if available. Cargo spillages A container can carry a wide variety of cargo during its working life.