Complete idiot's guide to learning Spanish by Gail Stein; 7 editions; First DAISY for print-disabled Download ebook for print-disabled (DAISY). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Learning Spanish on Your Own [Gail Stein, Marc Einsohn] on nbafinals.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Idiot-proof. Gail Stein is the author of the top-selling The Complete Idiot's Guide(r) to Learning French, Fifth Edition, and The Pocket Idiot's Guide(tm) to Spanish Phrases.
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The Complete Idiot's Guide to Learning German, Second Edition Part 3, “Up, Up, If you have taken any French or Spanish, you have already dealt with nouns. When not working, he resides with his wife, Gail (the author of The Complete. Idiot's Guide to Learning Spanish on Your Own) in New York City. Trademarks. To get around, you've got to learn to give and receive directions. .. download the Complete Idiot's Guide to Learning French On Your Own—the perfect complement to.
By the time you've finished this chapter, you'll be well on your way to thinking like a shrink! An Alienating Experience The year was For many years, writer Charlotte Perkins Gilman had suffered from a severe and continuous nervous breakdown. Finally, out of desperation, she sought help from the most noted alienist in the United States.
Fortunately, she survived the "help" of her doctor, and went on to write "The Yellow Wallpaper," a story of a creative woman who is trapped by the conventional lifestyle of her day and ultimately finds freedom through writing. What's Psychology? Psychology is the science of human nature. It's all about studying the human mind and behavior so we can figure out why people think, feel, and do what they do.
How do we fall in love, communicate with each other, solve problems, and learn new things? Psychologists are constantly asking questions, developing theories, and conducting experiments so they can better understand human nature and improve our lives.
Whether they're therapists, are constantly trying to reach four goals: To describe what people do To explain why people think, feel, and act the way they do To predict what, when, and how they will do it To change the parts of human behavior that cause us pain Let's take a look at each of them. Telling it Like it is The first goal of psychology, describing human behavior, sounds easy; just watch what someone is doing and describe it.
It's a lot tougher, though, than you might think.
No matter how hard we try not to, we see each other through the filters of our prior experiences, our cultural values, and our beliefs. For example, if you've just been dumped by the love of your life, it might be pretty hard to jump into a new relationship with complete optimism.
You might try to protect yourself by watching closely for any sign of rejection. In fact, you might be so worried about getting hurt that you overlook evidence that your new love cares about you. Your mental filter has a worthy goal, to prevent more heartache, but it's still blinding you from seeing the world the way it really is. Even at birth, parents are "seeing" their children with eyes that reflect their expectations about gender. Psychologists are people toowe have our share of biases, expectations, and prejudices.
These can get in our way when we're observing human behavior. Whether we're doing therapy or research, we're constantly trying to keep our values, expectations, and opinions out of our work.
That's why therapists consult with their own therapists: to make sure they're keeping their own "stuff" from interfering with their sessions with their patients. Why, Oh Why, Oh Why? Any mystery novel buff will tell you the motive in the whodunit is as important as who did it. Like mystery writers, psychologists often focus on the motives driving a person's behavior. They look for connections between things that happen and how people respond. Why do somebut not allabused children become abusive adults?
How does a brain tumor affect someone's personality? Does watching violent television lead to violent behavior? These are examples of the kinds of relationships psychologists try to explain.
Explanations are also useful in everyday life. People often seek therapy to make sense out of a painful situation such as a divorce or a loss. Even if we can't change what has happened to us, understanding the reason it happened gives us a sense of comfort and control, a sense that maybe we can prevent it from happening again.
What's Next? Understanding why something happened is helpful, but being able to predict that something is going to happen gives us a lot more practical utility. For example, here's a psychological fact of life: When it comes to human beings, the best predictor of future behavior is past behavior.
How can that be useful in your day-to-day life? Well, let's say you've been dating someone for six months and are starting to get serious. During a romantic dinner, your new love interest suddenly confesses he's been married nine times. This information might change your prediction about the odds that the two of you will turn gray together.
You may be tempted to pull out your little black book of former loves and make a few calls. And you'd have good reason to do soyour dinner companion's past behavior suggests that, when it comes to long-term commitments, he's not a reliable candidate. Unfortunately, the best predictor of human behavior isn't always accurate.
As a profession, psychology has an abominable track record for predicting what any one person will do. Real life doesn't always cooperate with what theory says should happenespecially when you're dealing with what a single individual might do in a given set of circumstances.
In that great deck of life, we're all wild cards! When it comes to predicting behavior within a group, psychology does much better. For example, what if you wanted to predict the relationship between intelligence and success?
Whether a smart individual will live up to his or her potential will be determined by lots of variablesmaybe he or she is lazy, has a serious medical illness, or can't get along with others. A psychologist can't easily predict that intelligence in this particular person will result in success in life.
But psychologists can accurately predict that intelligent people, taken as a group, are more likely to be successful than their unintelligent counterparts. Similarly, an individual year-old male may be the best driver in townand wonder why he's stuck paying high premiums for car insurance. What he may not realize is that, because we can accurately predict that young men as a group are likely to be the worst drivers we've got the accident statistics to bear this claim out , they are the most likely to get dinged on their car insurance rates.
Becoming the New, Improved Model Human beings are always trying to improve, do better, or feel better, so it should come as no surprise that psychologists want to do more than understand human behavior. We want to shape it, mold it, and generally help people run their lives more effectively. The heart of all psychological treatment is teaching a client how to control his or her behavior in the desired directionto stop drinking, to communicate more effectively, to cope with the memories of a painful childhood.
Apply the four goals of psychology to the most upsetting thing that's happened to you in the past six months. Describe what happened: Think like a journalist. Pretend that this event happened to someone else and objectively write down who, what, when, where, and how.
Explain what happened: Why do you think this happened to you? What is the relationship between your own behavior and the situation? Predict: Has this event happened before? Knowing yourself and those around you, how likely is it to happen again? What would change your prediction?
Control: What have you learned from this situation? What could you do to prevent it from happening again? How could you respond more effectively if it did? You've just had a brief taste of thinking like a psychologist! A Day in the Life of a Shrink Psychologists are a funny group.
Take a psychologist to the movies and he or she will watch the audience. What are these tools? Many chapters in this book are held together thematically as if you were off on an imaginary journey to a German-speaking land. Each chapter builds on the one that preceded it, expanding on what you have learned. Learning a new language is, after all, a bit like evolving rapidly from infant to adult. First you learn to crawl through the new sounds of the language, and then you learn to walk proudly through basic grammar and vocabulary.
The chapter on food will help you understand where to download all kinds of food in Germany and how to interpret a German menu.
Is your watch broken? Do you need film for your camera? Did some food stain your new shirt? By the end of this section, you should be able to download or rent a house, an apartment, or even a castle if extravagance appeals to you.
By the time you finish this book, you will have the basic German language skills to embark on real journeys—in books, on planes, and in conversations. Be persistent, be patient, be creative, and your rewards will speak in German for themselves. These elements are distinguished by the following icons: Culture Shock Achtung Culture shock elements provide facts about interesting facets of life in Germany and other German-speaking cultures.
They offer you quick glimpses into the German culture. Achtung boxes warn you of mistakes that are commonly made by those who are learning the German language and offer you advice about how to avoid these mistakes yourself. We Are Family This box gives you definitions of grammatical terms. This box tells you all about the linguistic connections between German and our own language, English.
Many foreign words have been adopted by the German language and still retain their foreign pronunciation. These words do not follow the German pronunciation guide included in this book. She is a frequent presenter at foreign language and linguistic conferences and has published several papers on the topic of German and English linguistics. Special thanks are extended to Christina Hassemer, a native of Germany and currently a teaching assistant at Washington College in Maryland.
Trademarks All terms mentioned in this book that are known to be or are suspected of being trademarks or service marks have been appropriately capitalized. Alpha Books and Pearson Education cannot attest to the accuracy of this information. Use of a term in this book should not be regarded as affecting the validity of any trademark or service mark. You are a great fan of Goethe and of many other German writers and philosophers, Dichter und Denker, as you recall having heard one of your German friends refer to them.
You take it off the shelf and ask yourself three questions: Do I have the time to learn German now? Will I stick with it? Only you can answer the first two questions. You will make the time! You will stick to it! Why, honestly, should you learn German?
German is the native language of more than million people. German is also spoken as the native language in Austria; Liechtenstein; much of Switzerland; South Tirol northern Italy ; and in small areas of Belgium, France Alsace , and Luxembourg along the German border.
The German minorities in Poland, Romania, and the countries of the former Soviet Union have partly retained the German language as well. As a student in the liberal arts, you should be familiar with Kafka, Hesse, Rilke, and Nietzsche. And what was Mac the Knife really up to? About one in 10 books published throughout the world has been written in German.
In regard to translations into foreign languages, German is third after English and French, and more works have been translated into German than into any other language. The Federal Republic of Germany is one of the major industrial countries in the world.
In terms of overall economic performance, it is the third largest, and with regard to world trade, it holds second place. As one of the largest industrial and trading nations, the Federal Republic of Germany maintains diplomatic relations with nearly every country in the world and is an attractive region for investment.
By international standards, the new federal states are now an attractive industrial location for foreign investors, represented by some 1, foreign firms from about 50 countries. Major U. Germany is home to more than 3, museums: state, municipal, society, and private museums; museums of local history and culture; museums of church and cathedral treasures; and residential, castle, palace, and open-air museums.
German architecture set trends in the first 30 years of the twentieth century, with the strongest influence coming from Weimar and Dessau, where the Bauhaus school was founded in the s and the style that bears its name evolved.
Immerse Yourself Everybody knows that the best way to learn a new language is to totally immerse yourself in it. When you download books of German poetry, download the ones where the German translation is given alongside the English so that your eyes can move back and forth between the two. download German newspapers. Four intense and concentrated minute study sessions are much more effective than a four-hour language-learning marathon.
Constant repetition of previously studied material involving as many senses as possible speaking, listening, seeing will help you get German into your longterm memory. You can understand more than you think just by listening to and watching the actors. You can learn the meaning of German phrases by scanning subtitles. Watch German shows on your TV. Go to public libraries and listen to language tapes.
Listening will help you master German pronunciation. Whenever you download a new product, look for and read the German instructions on the side of the packet or in the instruction booklet. Some people are downright terrified. They think it will be too much work—too many new sounds, too many new words—and that the grammar will be too difficult.